James Madison vs. Donald Trump

How would you rate Trump in his presidency? I don’t watch the daily news, but I do hear about the significant events through the grapevine; the most recent “Shit Hole” remark is not entirely surprising and falls in line with Trump’s previous propensity to say unpresidential remarks. But what does it mean to be “presidential?” Since I am fully immersed in Plato right now, my brain is constantly scanning for the root definitions of words. According to Plato, to be “presidential” would require one to be a “statesman” – a position of power which disseminates the knowledge of the “good.” What is the knowledge of the “good?” In a sense, it is the correct understanding of human morality and virtues.


The question, however, gets more complicated because Plato argues we can never entirely obtain knowledge of the “good;” we have to try our best to seek out knowledge throughout our lives through dialogue and personal revelation. So does Trump seem to be on a lifelong journey of wisdom? To follow Socrates example, we’ll leave that question unanswered. Another component of understanding true “statesmanship,”  is to understand past examples in history. How can people honestly know what a good President looks like if their only comparisons are those of living memory: Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George Bush Sr, Ronald Reagan, etc. To further add to the conundrum, how many of these Presidents have been personally studied – what do you actually know about their intrinsic virtues and morals? In an attempt to get to the base of understanding “good” leadership, I am reading all the United State President’s biographies. My most recent is on James Madison – James Madison: A Life Reconsidered by Lynne Cheney. Next week I will post on James Monroe.


James Madison was born on March 16th, 1751 to the Virginian planter class. He grew up accustomed to slavery and didn’t do much to further its abolition – less than George Washington and John Adams. Madison suffered from epilepsy at a time when epilepsy was thought to be a personal weakness, and he was a frail man in general – barely breaking the 5-foot barrier. Because of his health conditions, he took to erudition and became a prominent Virginian politician after attending modern-day Princeton. He was mentored by Thomas Jefferson and was close to leading figures of the Revolutionary War.


Madison championed religious freedoms in the Virginian Constitution and cherished Enlightenment ideas. He was the father of the United States Constitution which was his political Magnum Opus. To push ratification of the Constitution, he partnered with opposite party member – Alexander Hamilton – to publish the famed The Federalist Papers.  Madison straddled party lines for the sake of his country and in the end, helped America form a stable central government while maintaining individual freedoms through the Bill of Rights. He would go on to serve in Congress, as Secretary of State, and as the 4th President of the United States.


Madison was by far a not a perfect President and did not make satisfying decisions with respects to the War of 1812. His leadership skills were weak when it came to acts of force, and he had difficulties inspiring fellow cabinet members. By the end of his presidency, his successor James Monroe was practically running the government in his place. Madison’s gifts were behind the scenes, and he is most responsible for the United States withholding the Constitution we hold dear today. A Constitution which he designed to be changed according to ultimate liberties – the abolition of slavery to name one. Without Madison, the United States would never have had a Government which could defend itself from foreign attack while simultaneously preserving the rights of individual citizens.


While in office, Madison had many opponents and is actually credited with forming the first political party with Jefferson. He was a scholar who believed in himself even though many people pushed him to the side because of his physical impediments. Was Madison “Presidential?” He is by far not the best President I have read about, but I do appreciate his quest for compromise and his pursuit of genuine liberty – a liberty that had to balance between the British Monarchy and French Jacobins. His virtues seem to be cooperation, determination, flexibility, and idealism. So how does Madison compare to Tump? I’m going to pull a Socrates again and let you ponder that question.

Thank You for a Wonderful 2016


These past two weeks have been quite exceptional in the categories of socializing and eating. My wife and I were able to spend time with family and friends while eating sugar on a hourly basis. We both are feeling the post-holiday blues; organizing our myriad of presents and trying to keep our minds off the snugness of our clothing. I have never been a big fan of New Years and last night I fell asleep at 10:30 pm without a tinge of guilt. As I get older I do take the “New Year’s Resolution” more seriously. What better time to set a goal and try to better yourself? My resolution is to eat Paleo for a solid month along with walking on my treadmill everyday during that period. Additionally, I am working on my Seasons With project – an attempt to read 12 books on the French Revolution by the last day of Winter. My suggestion for goals is to make them short, precise, and measurable.

One thing I resoundingly appreciate on this New Year’s Day are all my loyal readers. You keep me writing and give me an audience for my eclectic books and quirky thoughts. This is SAPERE AUDE’s third year and it is still going strong with visitors on a daily basis. I could increase my readership by posting the latest news, celebrity gossip, fashion, and pictures of me in a banana hammock. However, I blog not for the number of readers, but for the quality of the content to both educate and increase wisdom. Below, I listed my stats for the year as a thanks to you and motivation for myself to continue this journey.

2016 Stats

Total Views – 4,079
Total Visitors – 1,799
Likes – 202
Comments – 153
Number of unique countries – 79
Top 3 most popular posts – Abraham Lincoln vs. Donald Trump, The Helpfulness of Habits, A Valentine’s Day to Remember

Thank you again for reading and we hope you enjoy all the upcoming 2017 posts.

-Jon, Christina, and Max

Chihuahua Super Powers

Max, our pea-brain chihuahua, has been a member of our family for almost two months now. I wrote about Max in a earlier post and since then our friendship has grown significantly. Initially, I saw our friendship as one sided-being that I fed and loved the dog on a regularly basis. But over time, Max has returned the favor by teaching me a key life lesson-contentment. It is hard to be content in this world that always tells us we need “more.”  Max has a very simple life and for all intents and purposes seems quite happy. He is either in a complete state of relaxation on the couch or in a complete state of ecstasy while eating-especially when its tortilla chips. From my observations he never thinks about anything except what is happening right in the present moment. If he is on the couch, he owns that couch. If he is on a walk, he doesn’t even know the couch exists. Max is a master at being present. Now, this may be because his tiny brain can’t handle too much thought but nevertheless it is a skill that I am learning from my new friend. At any given moment I am trying to get somewhere, do something, or thinking about the future. It is rare that I am actually a witness of the present and fully taking in my surroundings.

When Max eats a tortilla chip, his one neuron must be overwhelmed by all its intricate details-the saltiness, the crunchiness, the deliciousness, the sheer heaven that is fried corn. When I eat a tortilla chip I usually am not thinking about the chip but rather how fat I will feel after eating the whole bag and whether it is weird to be eating them while taking a shower. When Max goes on walks it is like he is running through a field filled with magical grass and hypnotic trees. When I take a walk, I am thinking about tomorrow’s schedule and questioning whether or not I had pooped that day. My point being, Max is content and I am not. If I were content I would take in each moment and not feel the need to have “more.” I wouldn’t be constantly worrying about the future or trying to upgrade my material possessions. I would be happier and more at peace because all I would need would be the present moment. The next time you eat a tortilla chip, try not to think about anything else, use your “Chihuahua Super Powers” of thoughtlessness. Take a bite and see how much better it tastes. It may be the first time that you have ever consciously tasted something. Who would have thought that my dog, who I thought would never teach me anything, is now helping me see the world in a better way? Thanks Max for your limited mental capabilities, they are helping me to find greater contentment.

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-Part 2 of 3



Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi


What an exciting couple of days we have had since the first installment of this series. Donald Trump, on Monday, stated that all Muslims should be banned from entering the United States. This “strategy” is by no means new in American history: the 19th century saw bans against Chinese, during the Great Depression there were movements to suppress Jewish immigration, and most notably during WWII there was forced encampment of Japanese Americans. The US has had a long history of xenophobia and sadly their are still a large number of people who have these same feelings today. Trump’s statement is wrong on many levels but one of its biggest errors is the fact that ISIS (which profoundly motivated the statement) does not actually practice Islam. Almost all Muslim-theology scholars agree that ISIS’s ideology contradicts Islam in almost every way. To understand this, imagine the KKK (a “protestant” terrorist group) went over to the Middle East and committed acts of violence in the name of Christianity. The leader of the affected country would then condemn all Christians as violent-untrustworthy people and ban them from entrance into the country. This seems downright insane, but how is this scenario different then the one currently being trumpeted by Donald? The intricacies of Islam as a religion will be explored in future posts but for now let’s get back to ISIS.

We left off with Abu Bakr al Baghdadi becoming the second leader of the newly formed Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) in 2010. Baghdadi was said to be a quiet boy growing up and was quite scholarly-receiving a doctorate in Islamic culture and law.  This all radically changed when he became a jihadist after the Iraq invasion in 2003. Baghdadi would be shortly captured by Americans and put into a military controlled prison camp. These prisons mixed radical jihadists with minor offenders which created a ideal environment for recruitment. The US inadvertently spread terrorist ideology in these prisons and upon release, jihadists would be further glorified (similar to how gang members receive street cred after serving time). Baghdadi did his fair share of recruiting while imprisoned and when released, he was in prime position to take leadership of ISI in 2010. Shortly thereafter, Baghdadi began to attack military prisons which resulted in the escape of many jihadists who quickly pledged loyalty to ISI. During this same time, Baghdadi defied Al Queda and spread his terrorist group into war-torn Syria; hence the name known around the world was birthed, “The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).”

ISIS was technically a branch of al Queda but Baghdadi would soon take on a whole new ideology of radicalization.  Baghdadi began to split from al Queda when he resumed Zarqawi’s mission of targeting Shiite Muslim with gruesome killings. Eventually, ISIS would declare themselves the “true” Islamic State and claim that all nations must bow to them-including al Queda. ISIS is attempting to bring about the end times by fulfilling several prophecies: certain manuscripts predicted that preceding the apocalypse their would be…sectarian war, slavery, a battle in Dabiq (a town that ISIS controls), and the eventual control of Constantinople (to list a few.) This apocalyptic mentality is critical to understand because it shapes ISIS’s gruesome behavior. Apocalyptic groups are not concerned with worldly matters or politics which makes it much easier for them to commit barbaric acts. “ISIS’s stated goal is to purify the world and create a new era, in which a more perfect version of Islam is accepted worldwide.” The interesting thing to know is that the Quran, the holy book of Islam, says very little about the end of times. To summarize, ISIS is extremely violent because they desire to “purify” the world and they want to create sectarian violence among Muslims because war between Sunnis and Shiites is predicted in the end of times. Again, these apocalyptic beliefs are not tenets of Islam but rather created by prior scholars in an attempt to rationalize negative circumstances of their time (many were written whenever a foreign power took control). ISIS wants the United States to fight them and occupy their territory because this is yet another prediction of the end of times. Knowing this, we will continue to part 3 to understand how ISIS is so effective at recruiting and what we need to do to prevent their advancement of terror.

The Khan of Education

Let me preface this post with the fact that I hated every single year of my schooling. I was a fat frick who felt homework was pointless, teachers were lazy, and getting laughs in class was more important than paying attention to boring lectures. The best part of my school day was when I got to eat lunch or when a girl walked past me who was not adhering to the dress code. Fast forward to my 24 year old self who reads and writes for fun-just finishing The One World School House: Education Reimagined by Salman Khan. Salman Khan is the founder of Khan Academy, a free educational-video resource that is revolutionizing the way people learn. Basically, he creates 10-15 minute long videos that cover a subject with test questions which are answered until complete comprehension is reached. Simple idea, but it has blown up the educational world and is now used by millions of people of all ages. Khan is all about revolutionizing our current archaic system of education which originated in eighteen-century Prussia (think Germany but bigger). Prussia designed the K-12 system with the goal of indoctrinating children and inhibiting independent thinking to produce average-laborers for advancement of the empire. Dividing schools into subjects, grades, units, and periods was all done to mitigate deep thinking, big-picture connections, and abstract thought. The class period itself, was designed to prevent self motivated learning by implementing ceaseless interruptions of bells ringing. Breaking up thought and conversation was an important tool of control and stifling creativity. What the Frick! Today’s schools are structured in the same way and although they may not have the goals of Prussians they still result in the same type of educational dystopia. 

Learning in schools is not based on the variable of mastery, but the variable of time. The teacher must get through a certain number of units so that the students are prepared to take a standardized test. This focus on time, and not mastery, creates the problem of kids having limited comprehension that compounds as subjects get more and more advanced. This causes some kids to be tracked into advanced classes, mediocre classes, or special needs classes. In the end, this tracking limits a child’s potential and pigeonholes their entire future self image (I am smart or I am stupid so this is the best career for me). Schools are not designed to create the smartest student but the most tractable and average student possible. What is truly abhorrent about the whole system is that on average, each classroom receives 250,000-300,000 dollars of funding each school year (10,000 per student). Come on schools! Teachers get paid crap so where is this money going? To pompous administrators that spend most their days eating donuts at board meetings? Or to the brand new football stadium where kids can get concussions and decrease their IQ even more? We need to radically change the system so learning is self-motivated, fluid, and not a boring lecture. 

Khan is a smart dude and has several thoughts on how children should be taught. First off, no more units, subjects, or time based curriculum. Each student is in charge of their own learning pace through video lessons on the computer. Some kids will breeze through a subject and others will advance to new topics. Kids will not be divided by age but placed in a classroom with 75-100 students of similar comprehension levels-three to four teachers would provide guidance and help. 20% of the students can work on video lessons while other students work on stimulating projects like robotics, strategy games, literary conversation, etc. Khan does not want kids to stare at a computer screen all day but only posits that short videos can replace boring lectures and leave more time for stimulating real-world learning. This would mean far less homework, kids who are confident in connecting subject materials, and a sense of educational exploration that is currently discouraged in our Prussian school structure. In the current system, why would a kid advance in a subject when it won’t be covered on the next test? We need to partially remove ourselves from the almighty test because it is only are a snapshot of what was learned and it says nothing of the potential of a student to learn. In today’s increasingly creative world, GPA and standardized test scores are poor at predicting a successful employee. Projects, internships, personal references, and social competences are becoming more and more important in the workforce. I am such a strong supporter of self motivated learning because I am its poster child. As soon as I was able to control what I wanted to learn I became the most motivated student ever. The current system is broken and hopefully Khan’s ideas will change the world we live in. I think, Pink Floyd said it best, “We don’t need no education, we don’t need no thought control.” 

Sugar and Gluten: America’s Most Wanted

Would it be an exaggeration to say that sugar and gluten are poisoning most Americans? I would argue that both of these substances, albeit natural, are toxic in levels that are regularly consumed in the United States. As a Registered Dietitian, I have strong views about the subject of nutrition and what merits a “healthy” diet. I am an indomitable supporter of the primal/paleo lifestyle because it makes evolutionary sense. For 95% of human existence the amount of grains, gluten, sugar, and general carbohydrates in the diet was negligible. Today the typical diet of westernized countries includes all those aforementioned categories as staples. Am I extreme in my thinking, a rogue dietitian hell bent on smacking cupcakes out of children’s hands? For a long time I thought so, but I think the medical community is slowly coming around.

One of those coming around in the medical community is David Perlmutter MD, a highly-acclaimed neurologist, who wrote the book Grain Brain: The Surprising Truth About Wheat, Carbs, and Sugar – Your Brain’s Silent Killers. Going into this book I thought I knew the gamut of negative effects that wheat, carbs, and sugar had on the body; however, I had no idea how drastically these compounds affected the brain. Gluten is a protein found in wheat and causes either obvious or subtle inflammation throughout the body. Obvious cases include explosive diarrhea in those with Celiac Disease, subtle cases include bumpy skin or annoying headaches in those with sensitivities. Gluten can affect the brain and body by causing inflammation in the intestines which elicits an immune response and subsequent systemic inflammation. Also, gluten can enter the bloodstream partially digested and act as an exorphin in the brain (think addiction) or deposit in joints, skin, or countless other organ systems. In addition to gluten, excess carbohydrates can cause high blood sugar which results in protein glycation in the blood vessels throughout the body-including the brain. Glycation is a very bad thing because it inhibits neurotransmitter function, and decreases overall cognitive function. A gluten free diet has been shown to be more effective then prescription medications in those suffering with ADHD, Schizophrenia, dementia, Alzheimer’s (delaying the onset), and depression. That last sentence alone is enough to say, “crap Jon why am I eating this piece of bread!” 

Another point that I need to harp about is that saturated fat is not bad for you! Saturated fat does not cause high cholesterol or heart disease….period. Watch the informative video I posted for a little history on how we came upon this scientific lie. The cause of heart disease is extremely complex and is mainly from inflammation and oxidized proteins circulating in the blood. This oxidation is caused by a myriad of things including gluten, Omega-6 fatty acids, and trans fat. High cholesterol compared to low total cholesterol is actually found to decrease mortality, increase cognitive function, and decrease risk of depression. If all of these points make you want to curl up into a vegan ball of fear then you should pick up Grain Brain, Wheat Belly, The Primal Blueprint, or Paleo Manifesto. So my prescription to my readers is simple: Try your best to avoid grains, processed oils, eat less than 100 grams of carbs a day, lift weights regularly, walk in nature regularly, sprint once a week, and get plenty of sleep. So get rid of the gluten and excess carbs so you can start feeling like the best version of yourself. 

One Smart Dude

Who would have thought that ketchup appeals to toddlers because it provides familiarity when trying new foods and tantalizes all five taste sensations: sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami. This little factoid was written about in the most recent book that I completed, What the Dog Saw: And Other Adventures by Malcolm Gladwell. I have read several Malcolm Gladwell books and find the man extremely interesting. Gladwell can take a boring subject like hair dye and connect it to history, sociology, and psychology in a way that you would never expect. What the Dog Saw is a compilation of 19 writings from The New Yorker which touch on so many categories it is extremely hard to speak about all of them. One of the articles was about John Rock, the inventor of the “Pill” in the 1950’s, and how he designed it to have a 7 day placebo because he still wanted women to have periods and make the process as natural as possible. This push for naturalness was based on his desire to appeal to the Catholic Church. Gladwell digs deeper and actually cites research that shows women in native cultures, on average, only have 100 periods in their lifetime compared to modern-westernized women who average 400 periods in their lifetime (due to age of first menarche, total number of pregnancies, and breastfeeding length). The increase in periods in the modern age is connected with the increases in breast and reproductive related cancers. This is due to the fact that each cycle causes an onslaught of hormones that cause cell division-increasing chances of mutation and something going wrong. My question is whether women should take a contraceptive that limits periods to only a few times per year to model a more natural frequency (100 vs 400 periods in a lifetime)? 

Another essay concerned the problem of homelessness and how we should go about fixing it. Research shows that the homeless cost the system quite a bit of money because of their dependency on shelters, soup kitchens, food pantries, and most of all emergency healthcare services. It was found that it would be cheaper to give the homeless an apartment for free and try to get them back on their feet which would decrease their usage of the aforementioned services. This is currently being done in several US cities but is fraught with controversy. Why do homeless people get free housing when there are hard working Americans struggling to pay their rent? Why would we keep paying for housing if they show no desire to stop their addictions? In the end, whether the homeless deserve the housing or not, it is a decision based on simple economics-a person on the street drains taxpayers dollars more than a person living in a stable, albeit free, apartment setting. 

Some other tidbits of information I learned are as follows: you can buy “Put Options” that bet against the stock market’s success, mammograms are extremely hard to interpret, driving fatalities would decrease if we switched which side of the rode we drove on every 5 years, plagiarism is acceptable in music but not in writing, criminal profiling is essentially worthless, and pit bulls are not inherently dangerous to humans. If you like to know more about these points then read the book. I think all Gladwell books are great because he thinks about things in a different way than most people. My mind has been thoroughly expanded thanks to this quirky-looking man. 

Summed up learning sentence:

The ordinary can be quite extraordinary and surface-level understanding is almost never adequate. 

Dare to be Wise

So what is the deal with the title of this blog-Sapere Aude? My connection to this saying is quite personal on several levels. One day in college I decided to look up my last name on Google and see if there was any history concerning Oldham. I was interested in the history because Oldham seemed like a really weird last name which is extremely easy to make fun of. I thought, “who the heck would pick this as a last name?” The search, to my surprise, led me to a legit coat of arms, and a city in England with my last name that still exists. The fact that there is an Oldham, England was pretty sweet and I saw that there was a coat of arms associated with the surname. The animal on the coat of arms is an owl and the latin phrase underneath reads “Sapere Aude.” I soon learned that Oldham was once pronounced less like the deli meat and more like “Owl-duhm.” The prononciation led to the owl on the coat of arms and the “Sapere Ow-de” phrase. The owl is also an animal associated with wisdom so the whole thing is a nice little package of cool for a last name that today is the butt of jokes. What really resonated with me was the translation of Sapere Aude which as you guessed it is-Dare to be Wise. That is freaking sweet because I never associated wisdom with a dare. Daring someone to do something always seems to result in an unwise outcome: “I dare you to go run around the dorm naked,” “I dare you to eat the mold off that bread,” “I dare you to fart in the elevator.” I never heard someone dare me to read a book, think critically about the world, or seek knowledge.

My connection to this phrase reached me not only on a historical level but also on a personal level. My whole life I loved to help people and try to give insight into issues they may be experiencing. I wasn’t a nosey fricker but I just seemed to enjoy having one-on-one conversations from a young age with my Momma and eventually with my friends. I was fascinated by philosophy and many times my friends would say that I was “wise.” In high school I began to question what wisdom truly was. Is wisdom being good at giving advice? Is wisdom being smart? Is wisdom knowing the answers to life? I had no idea and honestly I never felt wise because I was a fat kid for most of my life who watched cartoons and hung out with my parents. In college I still was pondering the question of wisdom when I fell upon my family crest’s motto-Sapere Aude. What the frick! Is that a coincidence that I was interested in wisdom, fairly alone in caring about the topic, and this was my surname’s motto. I didn’t think much more of wisdom until I graduated and regained my desire to learn. I began to ponder what wisdom was and how I could live the motto “Dare to be Wise.” I took the dare and that is why I made my goal of mastering the subjects of history, psychology/sociology, and philosophy. I believe that wisdom is not a simple thing or a one word phrase that you put on a cat poster in your office. I beleive wisdom is a lifestyle and requires a incredibily deep knowledge of our world. Wisdom is also something that you can not just learn from reading a crap ton of books. It takes a combination of research, life experiences, and human interaction to truly be wise. My current infantile view of being wise means that you understand the outcome of a decision without making the decision.  This is abstract but one example would be that I know that a big house will not make me happy even without me having to buy the big house (makes sense I hope). So there you go, my journey and purpose in mastery is taking up the challenge to be wise, fullfilling some weird family duty, and seeking a goal that I think is more rewarding then any other goal I can think of. In the end, if I obtain wisdom I hope to help people live better lives. Period.

Drive by Daniel H. Pink

This is my first book review on this blog and I want to talk about my purpose for these reviews before diving into Drive by Daniel H. Pink.

I think that writing about the books I read will cement their message into my memory and help me critically think about them in the future. I don’t want to read a book and just jump to the next one without pausing and thinking about the things I just learned. Books have so much information in them so I think it is necessary to have a notebook while reading to write down interesting information that stands out to me. These reviews are not meant to be a perfect school book summary of the book or a critical dissection of the authors ability to write.

Drive by Daniel H. Pink is by no means a book I would have picked off the shelves to read. Christina, my wonderful wife, checked this book out at the library because she is on a huge psychology kick right now. Although I didn’t think I would like Drive I almost immediately got into it’s general subject of motivation and how screwed up our understanding of the topic truly is. The old school way of motivation is the “Carrot on a Stick” mentality in which we incentivize good behavior and punish behavior we don’t want. This can be seen in the workforce with bonuses, in education with grades, and in the home with allowances for chores. Before reading this book, I never thought to much about incentives and the negative impacts they can have on our internal drives. Essentially when you have an external incentive you cancel out intrinsic drive and it can turn play into work. Rewards can send performance, creativity, and even upstanding behavior tumbling downward. The only time external rewards are helpful is if a task is algorithmic, inherently boring, and overall awful. Think of getting a bonus after folding five thousand envelopes. In cases of creative/heuristic tasks the motivation needs to come from an intrinsic desire. True intrinsic motivation needs three components: mastery, autonomy, and purpose. Let’s take the example of my goal to master the subject of “History.” My mastery entails pushing my learning through writing/discussion, my venture is completely self-guided (autonomy), and my purpose includes bettering myself and other people with this blog. So there you go, use that simple guideline for motivating yourself and other people. The end of the book has helpful tips on how to apply the principles of motivation and I found many applicable to my future children. Have your children understand why they are learning a certain subject and why it is relevant to their lives to create intrinsic motivation. In terms to the corporate world, the current system of management hawking over employees is outdated and in the future there will be more businesses giving their employees freedom to work when and where they want. This future will be needed because more and more jobs are not algorithmic (I need a large fry and a large burger) but rather heuristic (I need you to brainstorm some marketing ideas for the next quarter). In the end, this book was very good and I would give it three stars. Pick it up and read it.

Words that I learned:

Sanguine-optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.
Autotelic-having a purpose in and not apart from itself (aka intrinsic motivation)
Indomitable-impossible to defeat or discourage
Equanimity-evenness of mind especially under stress

Summed up learning sentence:

Extrinsic motivation is everywhere but only works for boring mundane tasks and intrinsic motivation is what every human is meant to run on, yet the majority of all organizations squash it like a bug.